a-

Prefixes in English Grammar

Meaning: not

Examples: asynchronous (not synchronous), apolitical.

acro-

Meaning: high

Examples: acrobatic (the performance of stunts while in flight in an aircraft), acrophobia.

ante-

Meaning: before

Examples: Antemeridian (Before noon), antecede, anteroom.

anti-

Meaning: Against, opposed to

Examples: anti-war (against war), antibody, antisocial.

auto-

Meaning: on its own or one’s own, by its own action

Examples: automatic (operating with minimal human intervention), autocrat, autograph.

bi-

Meaning: two

Examples: bicentric (having two centers), biannual, binoculars.

co-

Meaning: with, joint

Examples: coauthor (joint author), coeducation, collision.

contra-

Meaning: contrasting

Examples: contralateral (on or relating to the opposite side (of the body), contrary.

counter-

Meaning: opposite, complementary

Examples: counteractive (opposing, neutralizing or mitigating an effect by contrary action), counteroffensive.

extra-

Meaning: beyond, out of scope

Examples: extrajudicially (beyond the usual course of legal proceedings; legally unwarranted), extraordinary.

hexa-

Meaning: six

Examples: hexadecimal (of or pertaining to a number system having 16 as its base), hexagon.

im-

Meaning: not

Examples: Impossible (Not capable of occurring), impatient.

in-

Meaning: not

Examples: insane (afflicted with or characteristic of mental derangement), inappropriate.

intra-

Meaning: within

Examples: intragroup (occurring within an institution or community), intrastate .

ir-

Meaning: not

Examples: irresponsible (showing lack of care for consequences), irredeemable.

macro-

Meaning: very large in scale

Examples: macro instruction (a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language), macro economics.

mid-

Meaning: used in combination to denote the middle

Examples: midafternoon (The middle part of the afternoon), midway, midterm.

multi-

Meaning: multiple

Examples: multibank (a bank holding company owning several banks), multimedia, multicoloured.

non-

Meaning: not

Examples: nonacceptance (the act of refusing an offer), non-profitable, non-friction.

per-

Meaning: for each

Examples: percent (a proportion in relation to a whole), permanent

pseudo-

Meaning: fake, false

Examples: pseudobulb (a solid bulblike enlargement of the stem of some orchids), pseudonym.

re-

Meaning: again, a new

Examples: reaccept (consider or hold as true), reappraise, reawake.

un-

Meaning: not

Examples: unorganized (Not having or belonging to a structured whole), unbelievable.

up-

Meaning: up; “increase”

Examples: upward (spatially or metaphorically from a lower to a higher position).

ad-

Meaning: movement to advance (expert, better)

Examples: adulterate.

trans-

Meaning: across, beyond

Examples: transnational, transatlantic.

pre-

Meaning: before in time place or order

Examples: prelude, preadolescent, precondition.

pro-

Meaning: favouring, in support of

Examples: pro-african.

semi-

Meaning: half, partly

Examples: semifinal, semicircle, semiconscious.

eu-

Meaning: good, well

Examples: euphoria, euphemism.

fore-

Meaning: in front of

Examples: forebear, forecast.

Suffixes in English Grammar

-able

Meaning: able to be

Examples: excitable, portable, preventable.

-ac

Meaning: pertaining to

Examples: cardiac, hemophiliac, maniac.

acity (-ocity)

Meaning: quality of

Examples: perspicacity, sagacity, velocity.

-ade 

Meaning: act, action or process

Examples: product blockade, cavalcade, promenade.

-age

Meaning: action or process

Examples: passage, pilgrimage, voyage.

-aholic (-oholic)

Meaning: one with an obsession for

Examples: workaholic, shopaholic, alcoholic.

-al

Meaning: relating to

Examples: bacterial, theatrical, natural.

-algia

Meaning: pain

Examples: neuralgia, nostalgia.

-an (-ian)

Meaning: relating to, belonging to

Examples: Italian, urban, African.

-ance

Meaning: state or quality of

Examples: brilliance, defiance, annoyance.

-ant

Meaning: a person who

Examples: applicant, immigrant, servant.

-ar

Meaning: of or relating to, being

Examples: lunar, molecular, solar.

-ard

Meaning: a person who does an action

Examples: coward, sluggard, wizard.

-arian

Meaning: a person who

Examples: disciplinarian, vegetarian, librarian.

-arium (orium)

Meaning: a place for

Examples: terrarium, aquarium, solarium.

-ary

Meaning: of or relating to

Examples: literary, military, budgetary.

-ate

Meaning: state or quality of (adj.)

Examples: affectionate, desolate, obstinat.

-ation

Meaning: action or process

Examples: creation, narration, emancipation.

-ative

Meaning: tending to (adj.)

Examples: creative, preservative, talkative.

-cide

Meaning: act of killing

Examples: homicide, suicide, genocide.

-cracy

Meaning: rule, government, power

Examples: bureaucracy, aristocracy, theocracy.

-crat

Meaning: someone who has power

Examples: aristocrat, bureaucrat, technocrat.

-cule

Meaning: diminutive (making something small)

Examples: molecule, ridicule.

-cy

Meaning: state, condition or quality

Examples: efficiency, privacy, belligerency.

-cycle

Meaning: circle, wheel

Examples: bicycle, recycle, tricycle.

-dom

Meaning: condition of, state, realm

Examples: boredom, freedom, wisdom.

-dox

Meaning: belief, praise

Examples: orthodox, paradox.

-ectomy

Meaning: surgical removal of

Examples: appendectomy, hysterectomy.

-ed

Meaning: past tense

Examples: called, hammered, laughed.

-ee

Meaning: receiver, performer

Examples: nominee, employee, devotee.

-eer

Meaning: associated with/engaged in

Examples: engineer, volunteer.

-emia

Meaning: blood condition

Examples: anemia, hypoglycemia, leukemia.

-en

Meaning: makes the word a verb

Examples: awaken, fasten, strengthen.

-ence

Meaning: state or condition, action

Examples: absence, dependence, negligence.

-ency

Meaning: condition or quality

Examples: clemency, dependency, efficiency.

-ent

Meaning: inclined to performing/causing, or one who performs/causes

Examples: competent, correspondent, absorbent.

-er

Meaning: more

Examples: bigger, faster, happier.

-er

Meaning: action or process

Examples: flutter, ponder, stutter.

-er

Meaning: a person who does an action

Examples: announcer, barber.

-path

Meaning: one who engages in

Examples: homeopath, naturopath, psychopath.

pathy

Meaning: feeling, diseased

Examples: sympathy, apathy, neuropathy.

Thanks for reading about “prefix and suffix in english grammar.”

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